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Juvenile Crimes Taking a Personal Approach to Law

Juvenile Defense Attorney San Diego

Protecting the Rights of Minors Throughout California

California’s juvenile justice system is a place intended for reform more than punishment, but that does not make processing a criminal charge against your child any easier. In many juvenile crime cases, kids have made one bad mistake. After the initial proceedings, they are ready to move forward. Whether you are facing a minor shoplifting charge or more serious allegations, you will need the services of an attorney who understands juvenile laws in California.

If your son or daughter has been charged with a crime as a juvenile in San Diego, you should know that the juvenile court system is different from the system for adult criminal defendants. It is important to retain an attorney who is familiar with the differences and who knows how the juvenile court operates.

Reach out to our San Diego juvenile defense lawyer at (858) 281-4605 to discuss your child's case today!

Types of Juvenile Crimes in California

There are three types of juvenile crimes recognized by the state:

  • Status offenses. When a minor engages in activities that are legal for adults to participate in, the act is considered a status offense. For instance, playing hooky and drinking underage are considered status offenses, although drinking underage is clearly more serious.
  • Delinquency offenses. Activities that are criminal in nature for any age group are called delinquency offenses. Assault, vandalism, theft, and other crimes are included in this category. Typically, a delinquency offense will be handled in juvenile court.
  • Adult trials. For certain serious crimes, the court may choose to try children aged 16 and older as adults. For violent crimes like murder and sex-related crimes, anyone over the age of 14 can face trial as an adult. If rehabilitation from the crime is likely, the court may lean more toward a juvenile court approach. Adult trials for juveniles are reserved for those who have acted with a degree of criminal sophistication, those who have a history of delinquency, and those who are least likely to successfully complete a rehabilitation program.

Juvenile Process After Arrest in CA

After a minor has been arrested there is a detention hearing to determine whether the child will be held in custody until the case is heard. Minors are usually detained in juvenile hall. The detention hearing is a crucial event in a juvenile criminal case. Unlike an adult proceeding, the juvenile process does not permit bail as a means to be released from detention. The decision on whether to release a minor from custody is in the discretion of the probation officer and requires a formal detention hearing before a judge.

What Happens at a Detention Hearing in Juvenile Court?

At the hearing, a judge will decide whether or not to release the child based on certain factors relating to the defendant and the nature of the offense. It is critical to the defense to do everything possible to secure the release of the child, not only for the benefit of the child’s well-being but also to enable a more effective investigation of the case and to prepare the best defense to any charges.

Working with an experienced San Diego juvenile lawyer is essential in all juvenile crime cases. The possibility of intimidation and improper procedure in the juvenile court is no less than in any other court. For many children facing criminal charges, this is their first interaction with the court system. Parents can be equally unfamiliar with the rules and rights that go along with a juvenile crime prosecution.

It’s important to remember that the juvenile delinquency court is not part of the California Criminal Courts. Instead, it is operated as part of the Civil Court System. The Juvenile Court’s procedures and rules are different from adult criminal proceedings. Juvenile cases demand experience and attention to every detail. Gathering relevant evidence and interviewing witnesses at the earliest moments in your case will provide you with the best chance for a favorable outcome.

Decisions on release from detention and whether to transfer a case to adult court are made solely by a judge, not a jury. Every effort must be made to properly present your defense to the juvenile court judge.

For more information about our approach to juvenile crimes in California, reach out  juvenile lawyer near you today by calling (858) 281-4605!

What Happens at a Detention Hearing in Juvenile Court?

The primary work for a defense lawyer at the detention hearing is to convince the court to release the child. This involves evidence or testimony that the child is not a threat to the general public, there is no risk that the child will commit another criminal offense throughout the course of proceedings and that it is in the child’s welfare to return home to his parents. The court's decision to detain a child rests largely on the nature and circumstances of the alleged offense and if there is an immediate need for the protection of the child or other persons or property. An experienced San Diego juvenile defense attorney can argue and receive alternative services available from the county to permit the return of the child to the home without the need for detention.

Specific Violations and Offenses for Juvenile Cases are Required

It is not enough for the court to state that the child is accused of committing some offense in violation of the law, in order to detain the child the court must be satisfied that some other reason for detention exists which can include:

  • Violation of a court order
  • Likelihood that child will flee and to remain in the home would contravene the child’s welfare
  • Detention is necessary for the immediate protection of the child
  • Child has escaped from commitment at some juvenile facility
  • There is a threat posed to some other person or property

There is no automatic rule that a court can establish that will permit the detention of a juvenile. At this hearing, our San Diego juvenile attorney can argue against probation reports indicating that the child is at risk of being placed in the foster care system. If there is a need to remove the child from the home the court is far more likely to permit detention. Gathering evidence showing that the child lives in a stable and well-maintained home which does not place the child’s welfare at risk is important that work should be done in advance of any hearing.

Juvenile Court Penalties in California

For minor infractions including most status offenses and delinquency offenses, the court has the ability to choose from a range of sentencing possibilities. A child convicted in juvenile court may be required to do the following:

  • serve in the community
  • pay fines
  • pay restitution
  • go through recommended training and rehabilitation programs
  • spend time in a detention center

In some cases, a child will go through a period of probation or be placed in a foster home as a result of the case.

The good news is any conviction in juvenile court will be sealed. Crimes that have taken place before the age of 18 are not accessible through public records. For minors who make the mistake of drinking underage, stealing from a store, or engaging in other criminal activities, the sealed records offer a second chance for young individuals. To have a record sealed, however, the juvenile in question must file a petition and prove he or she has come of age and has not engaged in any subsequent crimes. He or she must also show the court that rehabilitation was successful.

Juvenile Defense Services in English and Russian

Although the system works differently for juvenile matters, securing the services of an experienced legal counselor can help you understand and fight the charges against your child or ward. Some criminal acts like truancy can affect a young person’s ability to get a driver’s license. Other acts can affect a child well into adulthood. If your child or ward is facing charges, it is never too early to seek the advice of a San Diego juvenile defense attorney.

At The Law Office of George Gedulin, we routinely help families navigate the complexities of the juvenile court system. Our San Diego juvenile defense attorneys' goal is to help you and your family move past a juvenile crime charge without any lasting impacts on your child’s future.

Contact Our San Diego Juvenile Crimes Lawyer

Navigating California's juvenile justice system can be overwhelming for both minors and their families. Our team of experienced juvenile defense attorneys is dedicated to protecting the rights of minors throughout California. We understand the complexities of the juvenile justice system and can provide guidance and support every step of the way.

At Law Office of George Gedulin, we offer juvenile defense services in both English and Russian to ensure clear communication and understanding for all our clients. If you or a loved one is facing juvenile charges in California, contact us today for a free consultation for criminal matters.

For more information about our approach to juvenile cases, reach out to our San Diego juvenile defense lawyers today by calling (858) 281-4605!

California Juvenile Crimes FAQ

What specific violations and offenses are required for juvenile cases?

In order to detain the child, the court must be satisfied that some other reason for detention exists, which can include violation of a court order, likelihood that the child will flee, and the immediate protection of the child.

Case Results

  • Sentence Reduced, All Other Charges Dropped 16 Counts, Unlawful Sexual Intercourse with a Minor

    Client charged with multiple sexual assault offenses, facing 16 years in prison. Convicted of One Count of Sex with a Minor, 2 years Jail, All other charges dismissed.

  • Reduced Sentence, Other Charges Dropped 24 Count, Insurance Fraud Conspiracy, Grand Theft in excess of $250,000

    Client charged as head of conspiracy to present false claims to insurance companies, losses over $250,000. Client facing 22 years in State Prison. Convicted of two counts of insurance fraud, sentenced to 2 years in jail, remaining charges dismissed.

  • Dismissed with No Jail Time, Probation Only Assault with Deadly Weapon, Robbery, Burglary

    Client charged with multiple counts, potential 14 year sentence. Released with no custody.

  • Dismissed Charges Assault with semi-automatic Firearm, Criminal Threat, Domestic Violence

    Charges exposed client to 8 years in State Prison and two serious strike felonies. Court dismisses all gun related charges at preliminary hearing, client pleads to domestic violence charge only, no custody.

  • 30 Days Probation, Case Dismissed. Attempted Murder

    Client charged with Attempted Murder in connection with the death of her husband suffering from a fatal illness. Defense investigation revealed that statements of witnesses were unreliable and unfounded.

Client Testimonies

At Law Office of George Gedulin, your satisfaction is our priority! See for yourself what our clients have to say about working with us.

    "Detailed and Professional Criminal Defense Lawyer"
    George was very professional and detailed what to expect. I recommend his services.
    - John D.
    "Saved my son at the worst time in his life."
    I can't imagine having to go through that ordeal without an attorney like George helping me and my son.
    - Boris S.
    "Trustworthy and Intelligent"
    George is a trustworthy, extremely intelligent, and hard working attorney who you can rely on to help you navigate any challenging legal situation.
    - Meredith L.
    "Hard Working Attorney Who Really Listens"
    George to anyone who wants a smart, honest, hard worker lawyer on their side!
    - Heather K.
    "Fixed My Court Problems, and Helped Me Gain Respect"
    As an attorney and now friend I know that George is someone I can put my absolute trust with.
    - Zina R.
    "George Gave Me Peace of Mind"
    George is a very skilled defense attorney and I would absolutely recommend his law firm.
    - Andrei L.
    "Respect and Praise for a True Professional"
    George is truly an excellent attorney and someone I truly respect in the legal field.
    - Steven L.
    "Exceptional Defense Attorney with Integrity"
    I know George to be a strong attorney who brings integrity to everything he does.
    - Mila K.