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Handling Serious Accusations & Criminal Charges

Sex crimes have serious consequences that will affect a person long after the conclusion of the case. Presenting a defense at trial to a sex crime charge requires specialized knowledge of the law and the psychology of these unique cases. Our San Diego sex crime attorneys have experience with sex offense defense and will promptly investigate all evidence and witnesses involved to reveal weaknesses in the prosecution’s case. Additionally, Attorney George Gedulin speaks Russian and is here to provide personalized defense to native speakers.

What is a Sex Offense?

Under California criminal law, a sex crime is defined as any unlawful act that involves sexual contact, such as rape or other forms of sexual assault. It can also include certain offenses involving the exploitation of minors or non-consensual sexual behavior. These crimes can range from misdemeanors to felonies and often carry serious consequences for those convicted, including potential registration as a sex offender.

Sex crimes may include activities that people are not aware of before they get caught. In today’s world, anything but explicit permission could be grounds for filing charges. Although the results of these cases vary widely depending on the location and circumstances, facing the allegations can be scary and overwhelming.

At The Law Office of George Gedulin, our San Diego sex crime lawyers handle sex crime cases including:

Sexual Assault Charges in California

The charge of sexual battery (often referred to as sexual assault) is brought under California Penal Code (PC) section 243.4 and a misdemeanor or a felony. While any criminal charge has serious consequences, a felony charge can be devastating. Your freedom, livelihood, and rights are at stake. Sexual assault is quite different from a rape offense. The crime of sexual assault does not have to involve any sexual act and can come from allegations of sexual touching of any type.

Depending upon the facts and circumstances surrounding the event, the prosecutor can file the charges as either a misdemeanor or a felony. The prosecutor will likely pursue a felony conviction if the victim was fraudulently convinced to engage in the act, was unlawfully restrained, or suffering from a medical or mental disability. Also, if the victim was forced to masturbate or touch another person’s intimate parts then felony charges will likely apply.

What Facts Must the Prosecutor Prove?

PC 243.4 prohibits the touching of another person’s intimate part(s) for sexual purposes for gratification, arousal, or abuse. To be convicted under PC 243.4, the prosecutor must prove the following three elements:

  • that you touched the intimate part(s) of another person;
  • that there was no consent or the consent was fraudulent; and
  • that the touching was done for sexual gratification, arousal, or abuse.

California Penalties & Punishments for Sexual Assault

Because PC 243.4 is a “wobbler” (can be prosecuted as either a misdemeanor or a felony), the penalties and punishment can be complicated and severe. Depending upon whether you are convicted of a misdemeanor or a felony, you could face:

  • maximum jail time up to 6 months;
  • prison time of 2 to 4 years;
  • fines of $2,000, up to $10,000;
  • informal/summary probation;
  • formal probation;
  • order to attend one or more rehabilitation programs;
  • registration as a sex offender; and/or
  • complete community service.

What is Rape?

The crime of rape brings many emotional attachments that are unique to sex cases. The charge of rape, in general, refers to non-consensual sexual intercourse. More simply this means that a person forced the victim to have sex by force or threat of force. CA PC 261 gives the general outline of what acts are considered rape.

A police officer who uses their authority to force sex on a woman can be arrested and charged with rape. Similarly, other professional’s in a position of authority such as doctors or military leaders can be charged with rape if they use their authority to essentially take away the victim’s ability to consent.

Changes in the Definition of Rape

In 2015, the 80-year-old definition of rape was changed to include, “both male and female victims and offenders, and reflects the various forms of sexual penetration understood to be rape, especially non-consenting acts of sodomy, and sexual crimes with objects.” This has caused a spike in the number of reported rapes in San Diego County, or an increase of approximately 55% from the number that would have been reported from the legacy definition.

Consent is one of the most difficult and contention portions of a rape trial. A victim must often give testimony that they never gave consent to have sex with a defendant. A victim who was drunk or on drugs must make difficult statements in open court about their inability to consent because they were too intoxicated or unaware of their circumstances to understand what was being done to them.

Statutory Rape Charges in CA

This type of crime involves sexual intercourse with an individual under 18 years of age. Whether the crime is charged as a felony or misdemeanor depends on the difference in age between the victim and defendant. In the case where two teenagers are having sex, a prosecutor can charge a 19-year-old man with statutory rape for having sex with his 17-year-old girlfriend. The more serious cases of statutory rape arise when the difference in age approaches five years. A man who is 21 years old having intercourse with a 16-year-old woman will likely be charged with a felony sex crime.


The most common defenses to a sex crime charge are:

  • Consent: there cannot be sexual assault or rape if the victim consents to the touching;
  • Insufficient Evidence: to establish sexual battery or rape, there must be evidence of what is alleged—many times there simply is not enough evidence to establish the crime;
  • False Accusation: the accusations must be true! Because it is difficult to prove, some people bring this accusation out of revenge, jealousy, or anger.

Defense Investigation for Sex Crime Cases in CA

Making statements to police or investigators without a San Diego sex crime attorney is never a good idea. Especially with cases involving minors even the most innocent statements can be used to implicate a criminal act. It is important in all criminal cases to be proactive and seek experienced and aggressive counsel to represent your rights in court.

Many defendants first learn of sex crime allegations from a family member such as a brother or siblings significant other. Feelings of loyalty and wanting to keep the peace can lead to incriminating and extremely damaging statements that cannot be taken back. Taking stock of the accusations and deciding to speak with counsel before making any statements is always a good first step.

A sex crime defense investigation means dissecting the entire case and assembling all of the available evidence with a prompt investigation. Sex crimes involve gathering evidence and reports from multiple sources, witness statements and other evidence require intensive investigation to build a strong defense. It is crucial to investigate and interview every witness at earliest stages of the case. The goal is to reduce the potential penalties and long-term consequences of a sex crime offense. Investigations of sex crimes generally involve a SART (Sexual Abuse Response Team) exam that is done by a team of doctors and/or nurses. In rape cases, the major issue for the prosecution is whether the alleged victim consented to have sex with the accused.

Jury Selection in Sex Crime Cases

Sex crime trials take longer than many other criminal cases for many reasons. Jury selection is critical for any sex crime defense because ultimately the twelve people seated in the Jury box will decide on the issues of fact in the case. Jury selection involves days of questioning about jurors past life experiences, knowledge about the law of sex crimes and if they personally have experienced a sex crime. Understanding how a person’s past can affect their willingness to hear and understand every defense to a case is the difference between a guilty verdict and dismissal.

The possible outcome for your case depends on several factors including:

  • Prior criminal conviction
  • The type of charge
  • Mitigating circumstances
  • Your relationship with the victim
  • The alleged victim's age

A veteran San Diego sex crime attorney will spend weeks with experts on jury selection in any serious sex crime trial. The jurors who will hear evidence and decide a verdict each come with their own prejudices and experiences. The history and past of each juror can be crucial to how a defense is received and understood. Juries in every case involving a sexual crime are going to be told a story by the prosecutor that makes the defendant seem immoral. The prosecution looks to destroy the character, and often good nature, of a defendant by painting them as a deviant and dangerous criminal. Legal counsel needs to create a different story based on truth and the person their defendant truly is.


Attorney George Gedulin explains the distinction between the sex crimes of sexual assault and rape: “The prosecutor will always charge the most serious offense for which there is significant evidence. Where there is no physical evidence often victim statements or witness accounts are used as evidence that a crime was committed. Rape under the penal code requires actual penetration of the sexual orifice. This penetration can be with a sexual organ or by another foreign object. These are in fact two separate offenses. Sexual assault does not require a penetration of the vagina or anus. Sexual assault charges can be brought when there is any offensive or harmful touching of an intimate part of a person's body.”


California has required sex offenders to register with local law enforcement agencies since 1947. However, their whereabouts were not available to the public until the Child Molester Identification Line in July of 1995. In 1996, the information available was further expanded to the public by Megan’s Law, which came in response to the rape and murder of seven-year-old Megan Kanka. Since 2004, the public has been able to view all of this information online, but by law, registered sex offenders are not allowed to access the sex offender site. However, being labeled a “sex offender” can make everyday life a hardship, especially if the crime is as innocuous as public urination. Carrying a stigma for life can affect everything from employment opportunities to living arrangements. Being registered as a sex offender can cause irreparable damage and you should consult a San Diego sex crimes attorney right away.


An unfounded or unfair accusation carries a heavy stigma with it. The best way to protect your rights is to proactively address the situation. We conduct independent investigations using the latest technology and a team of expert witnesses to explore every aspect of a case to learn more about the accuser’s history.

Let us help you get your life back on track by fighting aggressively on your behalf after sex crime charges. We are ready to begin working as soon as you call, so reach out to our sex crimes attorneys in San Diego today. Call (858) 281-4605.

Successful Defense Cases

  • 16 Counts, Unlawful Sexual Intercourse with a Minor Sentence Reduced, All Other Charges Dropped

    Client charged with multiple sexual assault offenses, facingĀ 16 years in prison. Convicted of One Count of Sex with a Minor, 2 years Jail, All other charges dismissed.

  • 24 Count, Insurance Fraud Conspiracy, Grand Theft in excess of $250,000 Reduced Sentence, Other Charges Dropped

    Client charged as head of conspiracy to present false claims to insurance companies, losses over $250,000. Client facing 22 years in State Prison. Convicted of two counts of insurance fraud, sentenced to 2 years in jail, remaining charges dismissed.

  • Assault with semi-automatic Firearm, Criminal Threat, Domestic Violence Dismissed Charges

    Charges exposed client to 8 years in State Prison and two serious strike felonies. Court dismisses all gun related charges at preliminary hearing, client pleads to domestic violence charge only, no custody.

  • Felony Domestic Violence Arrest All criminal charges dismissed

    After arrest, defense investigation reveals that spouse was aggressor and caused harm to client, all criminal charges dismissed.

  • Felony Gun Possession, Felony Child Abuse Charges Dismissed

    Client charged with felony gun possession and endangering life of a child being in illegal possession of loaded weapons in the home. Potential 6 year Prison sentence. Child endangerment charges dismissed, NO Custody.

  • Possession of 5KG of Methamphetamine while Armed with Loaded Gun Probation and Other Charges Dismissed.

    Client facing 4 counts of possessing large quantity of Methamphetamine for sale and a loaded gun with no serial number. District Attorney offer of 6 years in State Prison. Ultimate resolution was a plea to gun possession only, probation and credit for time served with no additional jail time. All other charges dismissed.

  • Restraining Order, Accusations of Sexual Assault Case Dismissed

    Defense Victory at trial for restraining order, Judge dismissed complaint against client, finding victims allegations and testimony not-credible.

  • Shoplifting from Naval Commissary Case Dismissed

    Case Dismissed, record sealed in Federal Court

  • Welfare Fraud No Custody, Case Dismissed Following Probation

    6 Counts of Fraud by Misrepresentation and Perjury. Possible 4 year prison sentence maximum. Defense negotiated with prosecution for Diversion Program.

  • Marijuana Possession for Sale/Transportation Plea to Simple Possession, Probation and Fines,

    Ā½ pound of Marijuana, $5,000, baggies, scales and Marijuana storage paraphernalia, potential 4 years in jail, Defense argued insufficient evidence to prove sales of Marijuana or Drug Trafficking and filed motion to return all seized property.